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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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Who's afraid of Artificial Intelligence?

 
ホーキング博士やイーロンマスクの人工知能脅威論に対して反論がいろいろ出ています。Googleのシュミットも参戦しているようですが、自動運転車を推進しているのですから立場は想像できますね。

Google’s Eric Schmidt: Don’t Fear the Artificially Intelligent Future
BY ISSIE LAPOWSKY 12.09.14 | 5:54 PM | PERMALINK

Eric Schmidt wants you to know that robots are your friend.

That makes sense, considering that as chairman and former CEO of Google, Schmidt has been heavily involved in the development of some of the the world’s most sophisticated artificially intelligent systems, from the self-driving car to Google’s predictive search engine. The company even recently launched its own internal robotics lab. But while Schmidt admits sitting shotgun in the self-driving car is not an “altogether happy” experience (read: it’s terrifying), he also believes that all the fear of machines stealing jobs and taking over the world is unwarranted.


シュミットの方は日本語記事がすでにでています。

人類はAIを恐れる必要はない:Googleエリック・シュミット語る

WSJに寄稿していたのはThe Future of the Brainなども書いているGary Marcusという研究者でした。
ホーキング博士の”spell the end of the human race”やマスクの“summoning the demon”は今後も人工知能の脅威論で参照されそうなのでフレーズごと確認しておいて方がよさそうです。

Artificial Intelligence Isn’t a Threat—Yet
Superintelligent machines are still a long way off, but we need to prepare for their future rise
By GARY MARCUS
Dec. 11, 2014 3:07 p.m. ET

“The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.”
—Stephen Hawking, Dec. 2

Does artificial intelligence threaten our species, as the cosmologist Stephen Hawking recently suggested? Is the development of AI like “summoning the demon,” as tech pioneer Elon Musk told an audience at MIT in October? Will smart machines supersede or even annihilate humankind?

As a cognitive scientist and founder of a new startup that focuses on “machine learning,” I think about these questions nearly every day.

But let’s not panic. “Superintelligent” machines won’t be arriving soon. Computers today are good at narrow tasks carefully engineered by programmers, like balancing checkbooks and landing airplanes, but after five decades of research, they are still weak at anything that looks remotely like genuine human intelligence.


彼も何もバラ色の未来を描いているのではありません。現在は誰でもがプログラムを書けてしまっているので、今後、どのようにチェック・規制していくのか、と問題を提起しています。

But the alarmists have a point, too. The real problem isn’t that world domination automatically follows from sufficiently increased machine intelligence; it is that we have absolutely no way, so far, of predicting or regulating what comes next. Should we demand transparency in programs that control important resources? Fund advances in techniques for “program verification,” which tries to make sure that programs do what they are designed to do? Outlaw certain specific, risky applications?

For now, anyone can write virtually any program at any time, and we have scarcely any infrastructure in place to predict or control the results. And that is a real reason for worry
.

一方、Googleのシュミットが指摘する脅威はAIと協力して進めるような教育体制の不備となっています。

The real threat, he believes, is that education systems around the world aren’t teaching their students the skills they need to work together with these increasingly intelligent machines. “The correct concern,” Schmidt explained, “is what we’re going to do to improve the education systems and incentive systems globally, in order to get people prepared for this new world, so they can maximize their income.”

こちらの方は、Googleの都合の良いように社会を変えていくことを提言しているので、Googleのポジショントークぽいですね。。。
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