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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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立ち入り禁止区域で

 


動画は数年前のものですが、ニューヨークタイムズのOpEdにジョージクルーニーが投稿していました。独立した南スーダンではなく、スーダンにある北部ダルフールのことを取り上げています。これを読むと政府が立ち入り禁止をしているところには何かあると思わないといけないことがわかります。立ち入り禁止を是とする人は面倒くさいことはしたくないんじゃないかと勘ぐるようにしています。

George Clooney on Sudan’s Rape of Darfur
By GEORGE CLOONEY, JOHN PRENDERGAST and AKSHAYA KUMAR
FEB. 25, 2015

Because Sudan’s government routinely blocks journalists from going into the Darfur region and severely restricts access for humanitarian workers, any window into life there is limited. The government has hammered the joint peacekeeping mission of the United Nations and African Union into silence about human rights concerns by shutting down the United Nations human rights office in the capital, Khartoum, hampering investigators of alleged human rights abuses and pressuring the peacekeeping force to withdraw.

Just last week, the regime reportedly convinced the peacekeeping mission to pull out of areas it says are stable, hoping no one takes a closer look. As a result, mass atrocities continue to occur in Darfur with no external witness. This is also the case in Blue Nile and the Nuba Mountains, two southern regions devastated by the government’s scorched-earth tactics.


この地域では石油ではなく金の利権が絡んでいることを指摘しています。

When South Sudan won its independence in 2011, the part of Sudan left behind lost its biggest source of foreign exchange earnings: oil revenues. So gold has become the new oil for Sudan.

According to the International Monetary Fund, gold sales earned Sudan $1.17 billion last year. Much of that gold is coming from Darfur and other conflict zones. The government has attempted to consolidate its control over the country’s gold mines in part by violent ethnic cleansing.


OpEdの最後に彼の提言を述べていますが、First, Second..とオーソドックスな書き方をしています。別に論点は3つじゃなくていいんですよね(笑)

First, international banks, gold refiners and associations like the Dubai Multi Commodities Center and the London Bullion Market Association should raise alerts for Sudanese gold and initiate audits to trace it all to its mine of origin to ensure that purchases are not fueling war crimes in Darfur. The gold industry has already adopted a similar approach to suppliers in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Second, the international community has imposed sanctions unevenly and without sufficient enforcement to have a significant impact. The United States and other countries should expand sanctions and step up enforcement to pressure Sudan to observe human rights and to negotiate for peace. Most important, the next wave of American sanctions should target the facilitators, including Sudanese and international banks, that do business with the regime either directly or through partners.

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Yuta

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