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Uncharted Territory

自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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インドネシア=イスラムではない

 
「世界最大のムスリムを抱える」という枕詞がつくことが多いインドネシア。西パプアという地域があることを知らない人が大半でしょう。それもそのはず、外国人ジャーナリストの立ち入りが制限されているところのようです。



Indonesia’s Widodo Puts Development Spotlight on Remote Papua
President presses ahead with goal of uniting archipelago nation with infrastructure

By BEN OTTO
May 14, 2015 11:32 p.m. ET

JAKARTA, Indonesia—President Joko Widodo is trying to shake off early political setbacks and press ahead with his pledge to bring infrastructure and development to the farthest corners of his sprawling archipelago nation.

In particular, remote and impoverished Papua has caught Mr. Widodo’s attention.

For the second time since taking charge of Southeast Asia’s largest economy last year, Mr. Widodo this month visited the far eastern region, more than 3,000 kilometers (1,900 miles) from the capital, Jakarta, to suggest the restive area is turning a page on history, poverty and a tenuous connection to the rest of the country.


3年前のものですが、西パプアを取り上げていたEconomistの動画がありました。



このようなことをブログに書いたのは、たまたまForeign Policyの最新号に西パプアの独立運動家が紹介されていたからです。

ILLUSIONS OF GRANDEUR
John Anari is a West Papuan independence activist. Tom Bleming is a retired American gunrunner. Together, they want to win the South Pacific's next great freedom struggle.
BY ALEXANDER ZAITCHIK

Words checked = [5529]
Words in Oxford 3000™ = [79%]

In the summer of 2009, John Anari, a young political activist from the Indonesian region of West Papua, created a Facebook page. He did it using an old desktop computer with a dial-up Internet connection, in a one-room apartment in Manokwari, the provincial capital situated on West Papua’s northeastern coast. The page wasn’t a personal profile. Anari, who prides himself on being tech savvy, had created one of those the year before. The page was the first of what would become several online outposts for the West Papua Liberation Organization (WPLO), a group that Anari had founded to agitate for his homeland’s independence.

“Most freedom groups in Papua cannot access the Internet or don’t know how to use it,” Anari, now 35, said recently. “I wanted to show the world Indonesia’s crimes.”

On the WPLO page, Anari posted unclassified diplomatic cables related to West Papua’s colonial past, updates from exiled independence activists, and videos of defiant rebel leaders training for armed struggle in remote highland camps. He also shared gruesome photos of West Papuans who reportedly had been beaten, shot, or tortured by the Indonesian security forces that have controlled the western half of New Guinea, the world’s largest tropical island, since 1962. Because foreign journalists and NGOs are rarely granted entry to West Papua and are closely monitored when they are, the page opened a rare, real-time window into one of the bloodiest and best-kept secrets of the South Pacific.


武力を使っても独立を勝ち取ろうとするグループと住民投票で実現しようとするグループがあるようです。Economistの動画に登場していたBenny Wendaさんは穏健派のようです。

Benny Wenda, a prominent, Oxford-based West Papuan exile, similarly downplayed Anari’s talk of a military solution. Wenda’s Free West Papua Campaign advocates an independence referendum to end the crisis in his homeland. He is also the spokesman of the recently formed United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP), a coordinating body for several of the larger pro-independence groups. Anari’s organization is not one of them. “The WPLO is just an affiliation group, a small group,” Wenda told me. He noted, “All leaders [of independence factions] have a full mandate to advance the freedom cause. We are very weak at the moment, and it is important that we speak in one voice to demand the right of self-determination, the same as any nation.” In a separate conversation, though, Wenda seemed to reserve the final voice of authority for himself. “If Anari tells you anything,” he said, “call me and I will clarify.”


Economistの動画でも登場していた人権弁護士のJennifer RobinsonさんとBenny Wenda さんはTEDにも登壇していました。



Wendaさんの団体はYoutubeチャンネルをもって発信していました。今はそういう時代なんですね。残念ながら再生回数の少なさが世界的な注目の低さを物語っています。


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Yuta

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