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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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Steinbeck Out Ishiguro In

 
イギリスの中学校の90%がOf Mice and Menを教えているという2011年の記事がWikipediaで紹介されていたのですが、今年からはカリキュラムが変わりイギリス文学を優先するようになるそうです。

Who, what, why: Why do children study Of Mice and Men?
25 March 2011
From the section 
Magazine

Michael Gove says children are reading too few books.
He says that some students only read two books in an academic year, and that a departmental survey in England suggested that "over 90% of schools teach Of Mice and Men to their GCSE students".
But why does a novella written in 1937 about displaced ranch workers during the Great Depression hold such enduring popularity in schools?
The answer is that Steinbeck's classic is short, comprising only six chapters, and that its themes continue to be considered relevant to 21st Century society.


そのように決まったのは昨年の5月。イギリスではいろいろと話題になっていました。

Michael Gove hits back in row over GCSE syllabus
Richard Adams, education editor
Tuesday 27 May 2014 00.32 BST

The education secretary defended the changes that come into force next year, arguing that pupils will be studying a broader core of works that must include at least one Shakespeare play, poetry from 1789 on including the Romantics and a 19th century novel, as well as a work of fiction or drama originating from the British isles since 1914.

変わりに選ばれた作品の一つにカズオイシグロのNever Let Me Goがあるようです。

Angelou and Steinbeck replaced by Ishiguro and Syal in new English GCSE exams
Changes follow the government's reshaping of the English literature exam syllabus, removing the category of prose from different cultures and replacing it with modern works from Britain
Alison Flood and Richard Adams
Thursday 29 May 2014 20.41 BST

Maya Angelou and John Steinbeck have been scrubbed from the syllabus for GCSE English literature exams, replaced by Booker prize winner Kazuo Ishiguro's tale of a dystopian future, Never Let Me Go, and Meera Syal's Anita and Me.

The changes follow the government's reshaping of the English literature exam syllabus, announced last year, removing the category of "prose from different cultures" and replacing it with "modern works from Britain" – leading to claims that the education secretary was pushing out Steinbeck's novella Of Mice and Men and other American works.

*******

Who's in?
Shakespeare
Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, Much Ado About Nothing, Julius Caesar, The Merchant of Venice, The Tempest
19th-century novel
Great Expectations (Charles Dickens);
A Christmas Carol (Dickens);
The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (Robert Louis Stevenson); Frankenstein (Mary Shelley); Pride and Prejudice (Jane Austen); Jane Eyre (Charlotte Brontë); The Sign of Four (Arthur Conan Doyle)
Post-1914 drama and prose
An Inspector Calls (JB Priestley); The History Boys (Alan Bennett); Blood Brothers (Willy Russell); DNA (Dennis Kelly); A Taste of Honey (Shelagh Delaney); The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time (Simon Stephens – drama adaptation); The Lord of the Flies (William Golding); Animal Farm (George Orwell); Never Let Me Go (Kazuo Ishiguro); Anita and Me (Meera Syal); Pigeon English (Stephen Kelman)


ざっと様々な記事を読んだだけですが、批判した論調の記事が多かったです。中学校で教えるべきアメリカ文学10作品を紹介する記事が以下です。

The 10 American writers that English children should study for GCSE
Michael Gove plans to remove Of Mice and Men and To Kill a Mockingbird from school reading lists, in favour of Dickens and Austen. It's certainly a mistake to abandon American literature – but which US classics deserve a place in our classrooms?
John Sutherland
Monday 26 May 2014 18.02 BST

John Sutherland's 10 US novels for GCSE students
In the American Grain (William Carlos Williams)
Selected Poems (Anne Bradstreet)
Benito Cereno (Herman Melville)
Beloved (Toni Morrison)
Leaves of Grass (Walt Whitman)
Selected Poems (Emily Dickinson)
The Murders in the Rue Morgue (Edgar Allan Poe)
The Last of the Mohicans (James Fenimore Cooper)
Death of a Salesman (Arthur Miller)
The Catcher in the Rye (JD Salinger)

メルビルのBenito Cerenoは岩波文庫で『幽霊船』として出ています。昨年この作品を取り上げていたNationの記事があったのでメモ代わりに置いておきます。昨年からブログにあげようとしてそのままになっていました(汗)トニモリソンによる感想もあります。

Reading Melville in Post-9/11 America
The author's half-forgotten masterpiece, Benito Cereno, provides fascinating insight into issues of slavery, freedom, individualism—and Islamophobia.
Greg Grandin /views-field-value January 7, 2014


Melville and the Language of Denial
The events behind his story Benito Cereno are more than two centuries old, but the deceptions of racial inferiority that Melville exposes resonate today.

Toni Morrison /views-field-value January 7, 2014
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