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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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基本語の柔軟な使われ方

 
TOEIC新形式の問題集の発売日が決まり、サンプル問題を見直してみました。今回はパート6の問題の書き出し部分です。

To: Project Leads
From: James Pak Subject: Training Courses

To all Pak Designs project leaders:
In the coming weeks, we will be organizing several training sessions …


以前も名詞leadがleaderの意味で使われることがあると指摘させてもらったことがありますが、このメールでもそのように使われています。会社によっては役職としてleadが使われるところもあるでしょうが、TOEICの文でもTo: Project Leadsの直後にTo all Pak Designs project leaders:とあるようにproject leadとproject leaderは同じような意味で使われていると考えてよさそうです。(役職の場合はその表記に従うべきですが。。。)

leaderを指す意味で名詞leadが使われるというのは、辞書にもほとんど載っていないので改めて紹介させてもらいました。

(英辞郎)
The most obvious case in which this may occur is a succession dispute following the disappearance of the project lead.(これが起きるいちばんはっきりした例は、プロジェクトのリーダが消えたあとで、その後継をめぐる争いだ。)

あくまで一例ですが、project leadの職の求人広告で、どんな役割か丁寧に説明してくれているので引用します。

Project Lead
About the role
The role of Project Lead sits with our Customer Service CoE in our Design and Execution team as part of the Technology business unit.
The Customer Service Centre of Excellence (CoE) will provide business and technology domain expertise in a number of technical solutions that support and enable Retail and Customer-centric business activity. This team will be responsible for liaising with key business stakeholders to ensure their strategy requirements are understood.
This role manages a program of work (enhancements and larger discrete projects) to meet the business objectives and enables the business benefits (typically comprised of multiple related projects or work streams) driving performance across the IT team.

Key responsibilities will include:
Leads, plans and manages the delivery of business technology initiatives / Projects for EnergyAustralia
Provide project management leadership & direction to the CS-CoE Release Leads / Project Managers
Establishes and manages an IT program of projects relating to the Customer service systems and solutions that support EA, ensuring they are delivered on time to agreed commitments, budget and with the professional quality expected and add value and deliver benefits to the business
Ensures Project Management Plan including the Project Schedule with Deliverables, Milestones and Dates is agreed and signed off, and aligns to the Business Case and Project Schedule
Promote the timely delivery of high quality Statements of work and related attachments to Release Leads /CoEs , to strategic Partners and vendors, supporting the defined implementation targets and timeframes
Effective Stakeholder Relationship Management
Lead a high performing team


公式問題集関連だとproject leadが登場したのは初めてなのではないかと思いますが、project leaderもproject managerも既出です。leaderとmanagerの違いはと気になるのは当然でいろいろ説明してくれているものがあります。leaderの方がポジティブな意味合いがありそうです。managerは事細かに管理しようとする上司みたいな語感があるのでしょうか。



Leader vs. Manager

Managers focus on
Goals & objectives
Telling how and when
Shorter range
Organization & structure
Autocracy
Restraining
Maintaining
Conforming
Imitating
Administrating
Directing & Controlling
Procedures
Consistency
Risk-avoidance
Bottom line

Leadership focuses on
• Vision
• Selling what and why
• Longer range
• People
• Democracy
• Enabling
• Developing
• Challenging
• Originating
• Innovating
• Inspiring trust
• Policy
• Flexibility
• Risk-opportunity
• Top line


そうはいってもproject managerとproject leaderを厳しく使い分けているかというとそうでもないケースもあるようで、Googleの自律走行の自動車の開発者はProject ManagerでBusiness Leadだそうです。



Project Manager
Google and Business Lead for Driverless Cars

Wednesday - Anthony Levandowski, Business Lead, Google's Self-Driving Car Project
Anthony Levandowski Mr. Levandowski is the product manager for Google's self-driving car technology. Mr. Levandowski joined Google to launch Streetview in 2007. Prior to that he founded 510 Systems, a developer of mobile mapping and surveying technology. Notable robots he invented include Ghostrider, an unmanned motorcycle now in the Smithsonian and Pribot, an unmanned vehicle used to deliver pizza in San Francisco. He has an MS and BS from UC Berkeley in Industrial Engineering and Operations Research.

辞書や英語教材は世の中の動きより少し遅れがちですが、TOEICの反応は日本の英語教材よりは早い感じですね。そういう観点からも、TOEICを社会人向けの教材に選ぶことはオススメです。
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