fc2ブログ

Uncharted Territory

自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

RSS     Archives
 

過去と未来の間で

 
遺伝子編集ができるようになれば避けることのできない問題がでてきます。自分の子供の遺伝子編集を行うべきか、はそのひとつかもしれません。

Should you edit your children’s genes?
In the fierce debate about CRISPR gene editing, it’s time to give patients a voice.

Erika Check Hayden
23 February 2016

Many safety, technical and legal barriers still stand in the way of editing DNA in human embryos. But some scientists and ethicists say that it is important to think through the implications of embryo editing now — before these practical hurdles are overcome. What sort of world would these procedures create for those currently living with disease and for future generations?
So far, little has been heard from the people who could be first affected by the technology — but speaking with these communities reveals a diverse set of views. Some are impatient, and say that there is a duty to use genome editing quickly to eliminate serious, potentially fatal conditions. Some doubt that society will embrace it to the degree that many have feared, or hoped. Above all, people such as Ethan Weiss caution that if policymakers do not consult people with disabilities and their families, the technology could be used unthinkingly, in ways that harm patients and society, today and in the future.
“Hearing the voices of people who live with these conditions is really important,” says Tom Shakespeare, a medical sociologist at the University of East Anglia in Norwich, UK.


ちょっと飛躍しますが、異常を直していくという考えは「優生思想」でもあります。先週のNYTの書評で紹介されていた本ですが、進歩的な思想の持ち主ほど「優生思想」があったという点は考えさせられます。



‘Imbeciles’ and ‘Illiberal Reformers’
By DAVID OSHINSKYMARCH 14, 2016


America in the early 20th century was awash in reform. As giant corporations took root, so too did calls to check their power. Laws were passed setting maximum hours and minimum ­wages, limiting child labor, preserving natural resources and breaking up the “trusts” that were said to be destroying fair competition. Not all of these laws worked out as planned, and some were eviscerated in the courts. But a new force had been unleashed, aiming to serve the greater good not by destroying big business but by curbing its abuses.
Progressivism was always more than a single cause, however. Attracting reformers of all stripes, it aimed to fix the ills of society through increased government action — the “administrative state.” Progressives pushed measures ranging from immigration restriction to eugenics in a grotesque attempt to protect the nation’s gene pool by keeping the “lesser classes” from reproducing. If one part of progressivism emphasized fairness and compassion, the other reeked of bigotry and coercion.


Fresh Airのインタビューではっとしたのは、アンネの日記のアンネのお父さんはアメリカ大使館にビザ申請をしていたが断られたという話。アメリカでもユダヤは劣った人種という考えがあったと指摘しています。アメリカの移民法や優生思想の研究をヒトラーは絶賛していたそうですね。ホロコーストはやむをえなかったというつもりはありませんが、時代の空気とは不可分ではなくアメリカだって同じような空気を吸っていたことがわかります。

スポンサーサイト



Comment


    
プロフィール

Yuta

Author:Yuta
FC2ブログへようこそ!




最新トラックバック



FC2カウンター

検索フォーム



ブロとも申請フォーム

QRコード
QR