fc2ブログ

Uncharted Territory

自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

RSS     Archives
 

悪いけど、速読なんかできないよ

 
新形式TOEICで「速読」の必要性が叫ばれるに違いありませんが、そんな流れに水を差すような記事がニューヨークタイムズにありました。

Sorry, You Can’t Speed Read
Gray Matter
By JEFFREY M. ZACKS and REBECCA TREIMAN APRIL 15, 2016

OUR favorite Woody Allen joke is the one about taking a speed-reading course. “I read ‘War and Peace’ in 20 minutes,” he says. “It’s about Russia.”
The promise of speed reading — to absorb text several times faster than normal, without any significant loss of comprehension — can indeed seem too good to be true. Nonetheless, it has long been an aspiration for many readers, as well as the entrepreneurs seeking to serve them. And as the production rate for new reading matter has increased, and people read on a growing array of devices, the lure of speed reading has only grown stronger.


心理学の先生がこの記事を書いているので速読を否定する研究を紹介してくれています。

Unfortunately, the scientific consensus suggests that such enterprises should be viewed with suspicion. In a recent article in Psychological Science in the Public Interest, one of us (Professor Treiman) and colleagues reviewed the empirical literature on reading and concluded that it’s extremely unlikely you can greatly improve your reading speed without missing out on a lot of meaning.

速読を全否定しているのではなく、スキミングはできるだろうと語っています。

Certainly, readers are capable of rapidly scanning a text to find a specific word or piece of information, or to pick up a general idea of what the text is about. But this is skimming, not reading. We can definitely skim, and it may be that speed-reading systems help people skim better.

スピードをあげれば正確性が下がる、というトレードオフがあり、スキミングでじっくり読むべきところを探すことは可能だが、スキミングと読解を同時に高速で進めることはできないと語っています。

As in all forms of human behavior, there is a trade-off, in reading, between speed and accuracy. You can learn to skim strategically so that you spend more time looking where the more important words are likely to be, and if the words are presented in a stream you may be able to learn which words to focus on and which to ignore. However, that does not mean that you can somehow magically read parts of a page that you don’t look at, or process all the words in a superfast sequence.

「じゃあどうすれば?」と聞き返したくなりますが、読解スピードを上げるには、幅広い素材を読んだり、語彙を豊富にするという王道しかないそうです(汗)

Reading is about language comprehension, not visual ability. If you want to improve your reading speed, your best bet — as old-fashioned as it sounds — is to read a wide variety of written material and to expand your vocabulary.

幸い新形式になって新規に登場する文書形態はチャットぐらいなものです。これまでの形式の文書の理解度、つまり文書構成や頻出トピックなどを抑えるようにすれば読解スピードを上げることができはずですよね。ただそれが面倒臭いから眼球の筋トレをしたくなるかもしれません。。。
スポンサーサイト



Comment


    
プロフィール

Yuta

Author:Yuta
FC2ブログへようこそ!




最新トラックバック



FC2カウンター

検索フォーム



ブロとも申請フォーム

QRコード
QR