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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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We are Tomodachi

 


今日と明日で日本政府が主導するアフリカ開発会議(TICAD)がアフリカケニアのナイロビで開かれているようですね。Washington Postでも日本政府が広告を打って周知に努めていました。

Japan in Africa
Fostering high-skilled human resources toward economic diversification


On August 27 and 28, the Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) – the key platform to drive Japan’s development initiatives in Africa – will be held in Nairobi, Kenya.

While Africa has made great gains since the turn of the century, the collapse in prices of natural resources, the Ebola crisis and the rise of violent extremism and terrorism have highlighted the fragility of African development. The upcoming conference offers a timely opportunity to address the important challenges Africa faces today.


TICADの特設サイトもできていて幅広く取り組みを紹介しているのですね。

日本政府が英語やスペイン語で発表している公報季刊誌"We are Tomodachi"というのも今回はTICADを特集していました。こういうのを出しているのを初めて知りました(汗)

日本の製造業といえばカイゼンとなるのでしょうか。今回もそれに関連したものがありました。英語学習辞書にも載っているんですね。



(オックスフォード)
kaizen
the practice of continuously improving the way in which a company operates
Kaizen is practiced in many industries.
kaizen training
Companies that adopt kaizen can boost their productivity by as much as 30%.


(ケンブリッジビジネス)
Kaizen
a management system developed in Japan, based on the idea that employees should be involved in continually improving products, services, etc. to make the company as successful as possible:
Workers are expected to adopt a policy of `kaizen', which is the practice of continually seeking improvement.


このあたりは詳しくないので違いなどわかりませんがKaizenと似たコンセプトとしてLean manufacturingのようなものがあるようです。



(Wikipedia)
リーン生産方式(リーンせいさんほうしき、lean manufacturing、lean product system、略称LPS)とは、1980年代にアメリカのマサチューセッツ工科大学(MIT)で日本の自動車産業における生産方式(主にトヨタ生産方式)を研究し、その成果を再体系化・一般化したものであり、生産管理手法の一種である。

(Wikipedia)
Kaizen, Japanese for "improvement." When used in the business sense and applied to the workplace, kaizen refers to activities that continuously improve all functions and involve all employees from the CEO to the assembly line workers. It also applies to processes, such as purchasing and logistics, that cross organizational boundaries into the supply chain.[1] It has been applied in healthcare,[2] psychotherapy,[3] life-coaching, government, banking, and other industries.
By improving standardized activities and processes, kaizen aims to eliminate waste (see lean manufacturing). Kaizen was first implemented in several Japanese businesses after the Second World War, influenced in part by American business and quality management teachers who visited the country. It has since spread throughout the world[4] and is now being implemented in environments outside of business and productivity.


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