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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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世界を動かした21の演説

 


予告編の最初に出てくるWe shall go on to the endとか、we shall never surrenderとかいう兵士の言葉を聞いてピンとくる人は歴史に詳しい教養のある方なのでしょう。チャーチルの演説の言葉みたいです。ダンケルク救出作戦後のこの演説は以下のように世界の名演説に選ばれるほどのようです。

世界を動かした21の演説 ― あなたにとって「正しいこと」とは何か




When Napoleon lay at Boulogne for a year with his flat-bottomed boats and his Grand Army, he was told by someone. "There are bitter weeds in England." There are certainly a great many more of them since the British Expeditionary Force returned. I have, myself, full confidence that if all do their duty, if nothing is neglected, and if the best arrangements are made, as they are being made, we shall prove ourselves once again able to defend our Island home, to ride out the storm of war, and to outlive the menace of tyranny, if necessary for years, if necessary alone. At any rate, that is what we are going to try to do. That is the resolve of His Majesty's Government-every man of them. That is the will of Parliament and the nation. The British Empire and the French Republic, linked together in their cause and in their need, will defend to the death their native soil, aiding each other like good comrades to the utmost of their strength.

We shall go on to the end,
we shall fight in France,
we shall fight on the seas and oceans,
we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air,
we shall defend our Island, whatever the cost may be,
we shall fight on the beaches,
we shall fight on the landing grounds,
we shall fight in the fields and in the streets,
we shall fight in the hills;
we shall never surrender, and even if, which I do not for a moment believe, this Island or a large part of it were subjugated and starving, then our Empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by the British Fleet, would carry on the struggle, until, in God's good time, the New World, with all its power and might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old."

中学生向けの資料なのでしょうか。なんでこんなにwe shall fightを連呼しているのか説明せよというものがありました。

Why does Churchill repeat the phrase “we shall fight” over and over? How does it support the main purpose of this speech?

Actual answers will vary. Example of correct answer:
Churchill uses the repetition of the phrase “we shall fight” to add emphasis and to show conviction. At a dark time of World War II, Churchill must state clearly that the British government is determined to win the war, no matter the cost. By making the commitment to fight in every possible place, he is making it clear that Britain will never surrender.


権威好きの人はこれぞ憂国のリーダーと絶賛するんでしょうが、ものすごい滑舌が悪いですよね。今の時代に感銘を与えることができるか。。。酔っ払っているんじゃないかというコメントがYoutubeにもありました(笑)

So drunk. So very, very drunk. What a leader.
I can barely understand what he said
The finest drunk-prime minister of the U.K. 

ノーランはほのめかしで使いましたが、意識的にチャーチルや政治を映画に盛り込むのは避けたようですね。

New Dunkirk film won't feature Churchill so it doesn't get 'bogged down' with politics
•  Hannah Furness, arts correspondent 

7 JULY 2017 • 8:00PM

Writing for the Telegraph's Saturday Magazine, he said he wanted to create “virtual reality without the headset”, bringing the reality of Dunkirk home without touching its politics.

“I knew I didn’t want to make a film that could be dismissed as old-fashioned, something that wasn’t relevant to today’s audiences,” he said.
“What that ruled out for me immediately was getting bogged down in the politics of the situation.
“We don’t have generals in rooms pushing things around on maps. We don’t see Churchill. We barely glimpse the enemy.
“It’s a survival story. I wanted to go through the experience with the characters.”

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