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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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茹でガエルはフェイクニュースだった

 


雑誌Foreign Affairsの別冊は地球温暖化のアンソロジーだったのですが、初めにを読んで反応してしまいました。

Introduction
By Gideon Rose

Frogs won’t actually let themselves be boiled to death, no matter how gradually you raise the water temperature around them. Humans? We’ll see.

Long ago, experts started worrying about the potential consequences of man-made climate change. As the plant ecologist Charles F. Cooper wrote in Foreign Affairs in 1978, “The addition of carbon dioxide and particulate matter to the atmosphere through burning of fossil fuels and clearing of land has become a significant agent of climatic change that could measurably raise the temperature of the earth by the end of this century.”


茹でガエルが似非科学だったなんて、でもWikipediaではすでに指摘済みでした。。。

(Wikipedia 日本語版)
茹でガエル(ゆでガエル)、茹でガエル現象(ゆでガエルげんしょう)、茹でガエルの法則(ゆでガエルのほうそく)とは、ビジネス環境の変化に対応する事の重要性、困難性を指摘するために用いられる警句のひとつ。

多くのコンサルタントや活動家などによって[1][2]、自然科学上の実験結果であるかのように語られているが、実際には、カエルは温度が上がるほど激しく逃げようとするため[2][3]疑似科学的な作り話[4]が広まったものである。


英語版ウィキペディアでもaccording to contemporary biologists the premise is false: a frog that is gradually heated will jump out.とあります。

(Wikipedia 英語版)
The boiling frog is a parable describing a frog being slowly boiled alive. The premise is that if a frog is put suddenly into boiling water, it will jump out, but if the frog is put in tepid water which is then brought to a boil slowly, it will not perceive the danger and will be cooked to death. The story is often used as a metaphor for the inability or unwillingness of people to react to or be aware of threats that arise gradually.

While some 19th-century experiments suggested that the underlying premise is true if the heating is sufficiently gradual,[1][2] according to contemporary biologists the premise is false: a frog that is gradually heated will jump out.[3][4] Indeed, thermoregulation by changing location is a fundamentally necessary survival strategy for frogs and other ectotherms.


地球温暖化はネトウヨ系でなくても否定する日本人がいますよね。

TOEICの韓国公式模試でAncient Chitimacha basketsが出てきました。ルイジアナ州のネイティブアメリカンのようです。



The Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana is a federally recognized Tribe. Our current home is the Chitimacha Reservation near Charenton, Louisiana, although we once occupied about one-third of what is now Louisiana, as some of the original inhabitants of the Atchafalaya Basin, Mississippi River Delta and the Gulf Coast. We are a sovereign nation governed by our Tribal Council. Our government operates similar to other governments, providing services to enrolled tribal members and infrastructure for our community. 

彼らの住んでいるところが海面上昇で住めなくなってきているそうです。

02/12/2016 08:19 am ET | Updated Feb 15, 2016
A Louisiana Tribe Is Now Officially A Community Of Climate Refugees
Since the 1950s, the Native American tribe has lost 98 percent of the land it calls home.

By Chris D’Angelo



Native community in Louisiana relocates as land washes away
July 30, 2016 at 2:23 PM EDT



In Louisiana, Rising Seas Threaten Native Americans’ Land
June 1, 2012 at 12:00 AM EDT

TOEIC問題作成者はこんなニュースを見て作成したのでしょうか。。。
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