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村上春樹の“Killing Commendatore”が発売されたことでニューヨークタイムズでも書評が出たりしていますね。この本はフィッツジェラルドのThe Great Gatsbyへのオマージュでもあるとか。“Gatsby” can be read as a tragic tale about the limits of the American dream.とあるように一般的にギャッツビーと聞けばアメリカンドリームの挫折みたいな連想があるみたいです。

By Sarah Lyall  Oct. 10, 2018

You have said that “Killing Commendatore” is a homage to “The Great Gatsby,” a novel that, as it happens, you translated into Japanese about ten years ago. “Gatsby” can be read as a tragic tale about the limits of the American dream. How did this work in your new book?

“The Great Gatsby” is my favorite book. I read it when I was 17 or 18, out of school, and was impressed by the story because it’s a book about a dream — and how people behave when the dream is broken. This is a very important theme for me. I don’t think of it as necessarily the American dream, but rather a young man’s dream, a dream in general.

トランプもAmerican dreamという言葉を選挙戦から使っていたそうで、当選後には俺さまのおかげでAmerican dreamが復活したとも言いたげです。。。


American dream, the
アメリカンドリーム ((アメリカでは努力すればだれでも成功し金持ちになれるという考え))

the American dream
the belief that America offers the opportunity to everyone of a good and successful life achieved through hard work

American dream, also American Dream
An American ideal of a happy and successful life to which all may aspire: "In the deepening gloom of the Depression, the American Dream represented a reaffirmation of traditional American hopes" (Anthony Brandt).


〖the ~; しばしば~ D-〗アメリカンドリーム〘建国の精神である民主主義・自由・平等・物質的繁栄や社会的成功〙.

(大辞林 第三版)
アメリカンドリーム【American dream】

American dream noun, often capitalized D
an American social ideal that stresses egalitarianism and especially material prosperity
also : the prosperity or life that is the realization of this ideal


The American Dream is a national ethos of the United States, the set of ideals (democracy, rights, liberty, opportunity and equality) in which freedom includes the opportunity for prosperity and success, as well as an upward social mobility for the family and children, achieved through hard work in a society with few barriers. In the definition of the American Dream by James Truslow Adams in 1931, "life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement" regardless of social class or circumstances of birth.[1]

The American Dream is rooted in the Declaration of Independence, which proclaims that "all men are created equal" with the right to "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness."[2] Also, the U.S. Constitution promotes similar freedom, in the Preamble: to "secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity".

実は一攫千金の夢を掴むという意味でのAmerican Dreamはせいぜいギャッツビーのいた1920年代から使われ出したそうです。そんな言葉の変遷を詳しく分析してくれているBehold Americaという本を読み始めました。この本はAmecian dreamとAmerican firstという言葉の使われ方の歴史的変遷を丁寧に見ているので言葉に関心のある人にお勧めできるものです。まあ、アメリカという国のナチス的な負の側面を暴くものでもあるわけですが。。。Guardianにこの本を基にしたエッセイが載っていたのでご紹介します。

When he promised to put America first in his inaugural speech, Donald Trump drew on a slogan with a long and sinister history – a sign of what was to follow in his presidency
by Sarah Churchwell