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Cough Etiquette


新型コロナウイルスの感染拡大が心配されているところで、WHOのサイトにも感染防止のための対策が紹介されています。ついhand rubとかflexed elbowとか英語表現に目がいきます。新型もnovelを使うんですね。

WHO’s standard recommendations for the general public to reduce exposure to and transmission of a range of illnesses are as follows, which include hand and respiratory hygiene, and safe food practices:

Frequently clean hands by using alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water;
When coughing and sneezing cover mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue – throw tissue away immediately and wash hands;
Avoid close contact with anyone who has fever and cough;
If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing seek medical care early and share previous travel history with your health care provider;
When visiting live markets in areas currently experiencing cases of novel coronavirus, avoid direct unprotected contact with live animals and surfaces in contact with animals;
The consumption of raw or undercooked animal products should be avoided. Raw meat, milk or animal organs should be handled with care, to avoid cross-contamination with uncooked foods, as per good food safety practices.

hand rubとか何ともない表現ですが、パッとはでてきませんでした。

日本では咳エチケットと言われたりしますが、少なくとも米国ではCough Etiquetteが使われていました。


What is respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette?

These are infection prevention measures designed to limit the transmission of respiratory pathogens spread by droplet or airborne routes. The strategies target primarily patients and individuals accompanying patients to the dental setting who may have undiagnosed respiratory infections but also apply to anyone (including dental health care personnel (DHCP)) with signs and symptoms of illness. They were added to Standard Precautions in 2007 and emphasize two key elements:

1. Implement measures to prevent the spread of respiratory infections from anyone in a health care setting with signs or symptoms.
Post signs at entrances asking patients with symptoms of respiratory infection to:
  Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.
  Use tissues and throw them away.
Wash your hands or use a hand sanitizer every time you touch your mouth or nose.
Provide tissues and no-touch receptacles for their disposal.
Provide resources for performing hand hygiene in or near waiting areas.
Offer masks to symptomatic patients when they enter the dental setting.
Provide space and encourage symptomatic patients to sit as far away from others as possible. Facilities may wish to place these patients in a separate area, if available, while waiting for care.

2. Educate DHCP on the importance of prevention measures when examining and caring for patients with signs and symptoms of a respiratory infection.