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First Amendment
〖the ~〗 合衆国憲法修正第1条〘言論[報道・集会]の自由を含む〙.

First Amendment, the    
a part of the Constitution of the United States which gives US citizens the right of freedom of speech, freedom of the press (=newspapers, radio, and television), freedom of religion, and freedom of assembly (=the right of any group to meet together). Many cases concerning these rights have been taken to the Supreme Court, and people in the US usually have strong opinions about the questions involved in these cases.

Amendment I
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

修正第1条[信教・言論・出版・集会の自由、請願権][1791 年成立]
連邦議会は、国教を定めまたは自由な宗教活動を禁止する法律、言論または出版の自由を制限する法律、 ならびに国民が平穏に集会する権利および苦痛の救済を求めて政府に請願する権利を制限する法律は、これを制定してはならない。

The First Amendment guarantees freedoms concerning religion, expression, assembly, and the right to petition.  It forbids Congress from both promoting one religion over others and also restricting an individual’s religious practices.  It guarantees freedom of expression by prohibiting Congress from restricting the press or the rights of individuals to speak freely.  It also guarantees the right of citizens to assemble peaceably and to petition their government.   

何よりもショックなのは暴徒たちが“heads on pikes!”のような生々しい暴力表現を口にしていたことです。ペンスやペロシを殺害することというのは比喩表現ではなかったと思うとゾッとします。

By Rosie DiMannoStar Columnist
Sun., Jan. 10, 2021timer7 min. read

An armed rioter, arrested, was found with texts on his phone of alleged plans to execute Pelosi. Cleveland Grover Meredith Jr. He arrived in the capital with several firearms and hundreds of rounds of ammunition, according to the information document filed by investigators. The texts assert that he was considering “putting a bullet in (Pelosi’s) noggin on live TV,” and that he had a “s--- ton of armor-piercing ammo.” Further, he allegedly wanted to run the Speaker over. Agents who searched his hotel room, as well as his truck and trailer outside, found three guns, including an assault rifle and a Glock.

A Reuters photographer who was on scene tweeted he’d overheard at least three people saying they hoped to find Pence — now viewed as a traitor to Trump for refusing to overturn the election outcome in Wednesday’s confirmation of the electoral votes — and hang him from a Capitol Hill tree. In new footage released over the weekend, rioters can be heard chanting: “Where’s Mike Pence?” as they rushed through the building, while others demanded “heads on pikes!”


Social media is replete with call-outs for more shows of insurrection force in the days leading up to the inauguration of president-elect Joe Biden next week.

“Round Two on January 20th.”

“I don’t even care about keeping Trump in power, I care about war.”

“It’s our last chance.”

暴徒たちの動画も目にしたのですが“heads on pikes!”というおじさんのいっちゃった顔がこびりついてしまっています。「表現の自由が〜〜」と批判しにくい立場が一歩も出ずに訴えている人たちはこのような現状を知っても尚且つ言っているのでしょうか。