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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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投票機メーカーのドミニオンの名誉毀損の訴えを受けて、保守系ウエブサイトAmerican Thinkerが謝罪文を自社サイトに掲載していました。先月はFOXとかも同じように訂正をしていましたね。やっぱり表現の自由はあるけど、言った内容に責任が伴うということをメディアやSNSにしっかり浸透させる必要がありそうです。

BY CELINE CASTRONUOVO - 01/15/21 04:24 PM EST

Conservative opinion website American Thinker on Friday issued a statement apologizing for printing false claims about Dominion Voting Systems after the voting machine company’s lawyers accused the blog of defamation. 

American Thinker editor and publisher Thomas Lifson posted an online statement saying that the website had received a “lengthy letter from Dominion's defamation lawyers explaining why they believe that their client has been the victim of defamatory statements.”

このサイトの謝罪文はもう編集長が土下座しているのが見えそうなぐらいの平謝りの内容です。。。

January 15, 2021
By Thomas Lifson

We received a lengthy letter from Dominion's defamation lawyers explaining why they believe that their client has been the victim of defamatory statements.  Having considered the full import of the letter, we have agreed to their request that we publish the following statement:

(中略)

These statements are completely false and have no basis in fact. Industry experts and public officials alike have confirmed that Dominion conducted itself appropriately and that there is simply no evidence to support these claims.

It was wrong for us to publish these false statements. We apologize to Dominion for all of the harm this caused them and their employees. We also apologize to our readers for abandoning 9 journalistic principles and misrepresenting Dominion’s track record and its limited role in tabulating votes for the November 2020 election. We regret this grave error. 

We also apologize to our readers for abandoning 9 journalistic principlesといっているので、9 journalistic principlesというのを調べてみました。そもそもまともなジャーナリズムでもないくせに9 journalistic principlesなんて笑わせるなと「お前が言うな」状態ですが、以下のようなものみたいで、10条については後から付け加えられたとか。


1. Journalism’s first obligation is to the truth

2. Its first loyalty is to citizens

3. Its essence is a discipline of verification

4. Its practitioners must maintain an independence from those they cover

5. It must serve as an independent monitor of power

6. It must provide a forum for public criticism and compromise

7. It must strive to make the significant interesting and relevant

8. It must keep the news comprehensive and proportional

9. Its practitioners must be allowed to exercise their personal conscience

10. Citizens, too, have rights and responsibilities when it comes to the news

各条を読んでいくと、真実に基づいた内容を伝えることが以下に手間がかかり大変かがわかります。以下の最初のところを読んでもらうだけでもそれがわかると思います。

1. Journalism’s first obligation is to the truth

Democracy depends on citizens having reliable, accurate facts put in a meaningful context. Journalism does not pursue truth in an absolute or philosophical sense, but it can and must pursue it in a practical sense. This “journalistic truth” is a process that begins with the professional discipline of assembling and verifying facts. Then journalists try to convey a fair and reliable account of their meaning, valid for now, subject to further investigation. Journalists should be as transparent as possible about sources and methods, so audiences can make their own assessment of the information. Even in a world of expanding voices, accuracy is the foundation upon which everything else is built: context, interpretation, comment, criticism, analysis and debate. The truth, over time, emerges from this forum. As citizens encounter an ever-greater flow of data, they have more need not less for identifiable sources dedicated to verifying that information and putting it in context.

FOXなんかはメディアなのにこういうことを放棄して成長したところがありますし、SNSはメディアじゃないからと最初からこの大変さから逃げています。

今回の反撃から見えるのは、言っている本人は自覚していないかもしれないが、根拠のない批判は言われた側が以下に大きな迷惑を被るかということでしょう。それにもう一つわかるのは、言っている本人の自分の発言の責任の自覚のなさです。こんなにも簡単に自分の発表した内容を翻すことができるんですから。

ただ、じゃあYutaお前はどうなんだと聞かれると、このブログでも真実を追求して表現をしているというのとほど遠いですから、FOXの方に近いでしょう(滝汗)。この真実を語る大変さを引き受けることができるのか、トランプとかを批判するのは簡単ですが、この大変さに耐えられないと第二のトランプはまたすぐに登場するんでしょうね。。。。
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