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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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Biden's ホニャララ Moment

 


Kindle Unlimitedに入っていると雑誌のTimeだけでなくNewsweekも読めるようになっているのですね。アフガンの米軍撤退の混乱をBiden's Benghazi Momentというタイトルで扱っていました。

Newsweek|September 10, 2021
How the deadly Kabul AIRPORT ATTACK and bungled Afghanistan pullout could HAUNT HIS PRESIDENCY–and cost him the midterms.
By Bill Powell
August 26 was “the worst day” of Joe Biden’s presidency, White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki conceded. The problem for Biden and his party is that it wasn’t just a bad day, but a potentially defining one. As the U.S. raced to extract all Americans from Afghanistan by August 31—the deadline set by Biden—a suicide attack at Kabul’s Hamid Karzai International Airport killed 10 Marines, two Army soldiers, a Navy medic and more than 180 people overall. The devastating attack, which resulted in the deadliest day for the U.S. military in a decade, also seems likely to permanently scar the Biden presidency, branding it as dangerously incompetent.

アフガン撤退はベトナム戦争のサイゴン撤退と比較されることが多かったですが、Newsweekはリビアのベンガジを比較対象にしていました。外交上の失敗のどれを比較対象にするかでライターの考えが透けて見えます。Newsweekの記事で取り上げていたのは四つの外交上の失敗でした。

There is no precise analog to the debacle in Kabul, though it brings other fiascos to mind. The collapse of Saigon in 1975 on Gerald Ford's watch. The crash of Desert One outside Tehran in 1980 and the failed mission to rescue 53 hostages from the U.S. Embassy, which destroyed Jimmy Carter's presidency. George W. Bush's “mission accomplished" performance aboard the deck of the USS Abraham Lincoln in 2003, although the war in Iraq would drag on for years. The Benghazi attacks in Libya that killed the U.S. ambassador and three other Americans in 2012, haunting Hillary Clinton, then-Secretary of State, to this day. There are echoes of all of these events in Biden's disastrous endgame in Afghanistan.



サイゴンとの比較の論考はたくさん見つけられますね。まあバイデンもサイゴンみたいにはならないと7月の時点で大見えをきったのはまずかったですね。

BY JOE CONCHA, OPINION CONTRIBUTOR — 08/15/21 09:00 AM EDT

The day was July 8. The topic: President Biden announced a timeline for a drawdown of U.S. forces in Afghanistan, with the military mission of two decades ending on Aug. 31. 

After making his remarks, the president fielded this question: "Mr. President, some Vietnamese veterans see echoes of their experience in this withdrawal in Afghanistan. Do you see any parallels between this withdrawal and what happened in Vietnam?"

"None whatsoever," Biden replied. "Zero. What you had is you had entire brigades breaking through the gates of our embassy — six, if I’m not mistaken. The Taliban is not the South — the North Vietnamese army. They’re not — they’re not remotely comparable in terms of capability. There’s going to be no circumstance where you see people being lifted off the roof of an embassy in the — of the United States from Afghanistan. It is not at all comparable."

Newsweekで触れていたイラク戦争が終結したかのように振る舞ったブッシュジュニアのの‘Mission Accomplished’との比較は漫画になっていました。


カーター大統領の時に起きたイランの米大使館の人質事件と比較しているのは結構見つかります。

Biden says Kabul isn’t another Saigon. It may be more similar to Tehran in 1979.
By  William McGurn Aug. 16, 2021 6:20 pm ET

Joe Biden became Jimmy Carter on Sunday. On Monday he confirmed it in a speech doubling down on the decision that has given us the debacle unfolding in Afghanistan.

Years after President Carter departed the Oval Office, his name still remains a synonym for weak and inept. This reputation was cemented forever on Nov. 4, 1979, when Islamist students overran the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and took 66 American hostages. One year later to the day, Mr. Carter was defeated by Ronald Reagan.



バリエーションはこれだけにとどまりませんでした。ケネディ政権と比較したのもありました。

The former head of the Defense Department and CIA said the US risked losing national credibility
Josh Marcus San Francisco Tuesday 17 August 2021 21:41

The withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan is an international disaster for Joe Biden of the order of the failed CIA-backed Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in the early 1960s, according to Leon Panetta, the former CIA director and defence secretary during the Obama administration.

(ウィズダム)
Bay of Pigs
[the ~]ピッグス湾(キューバ革命時の1961年に, 米国に支援を受けた反カストロ派の軍勢が上陸に失敗).

(オックスフォード)
Bay of Pigs
a bay on the south-west coast of Cuba, where in 1961 about 1 500 Cuban exiles, supported by the CIA, landed in an attempt to end the rule of Fidel Castro. The attempt failed, causing great embarrassment to the US President John F Kennedy and making Castro’s position stronger than ever.

戦争につながる比較となってしまうのが、第二次大戦の引き金となったイギリスのチェンバレンとの比較でしょう。WSJはそのような論考を載せていました。

Walter Russell Mead August 16, 2021 Wall Street Journal

‘You were given the choice between war and dishonor. You chose dishonor and you will have war.” Winston Churchill’s words to Neville Chamberlain following the Munich agreement echo grimly across Washington this week as the Biden administration reckons with the consequences of the worst-handled foreign-policy crisis since the Bay of Pigs and the most devastating blow to American prestige since the fall of Saigon.

下記の記事のようにサイゴンとの比較が適切でないと説明しようとしている記事もありますが、ポイントとしては過去の失敗を参照することで、これからのことを読み取ろうとしているところを押さえたいです。例えばカーターと比較する場合は、再選できないことや弱腰の大統領といったイメージが念頭にあるのでしょう。

In the 70s, Americans saw Ford as a president who had lost control of the levers—abroad and at home. That’s not the case for Biden yet.
By JOSHUA ZEITZ 08/17/2021 01:02 PM EDT

このようなインプリケーションを読み取ることが読解で一番難しい部分になってしまいますが、少なくとも興味がある分野においては背景知識も含めた形で学んでいきたいものです。
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