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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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I stand corrected.

 


ホロコースト関連で、女優のウーピー・ゴールドバーグの発言もニュースになりました。すぐに彼女は以下のように弁明しました。

Whoopi Goldberg:
I said that the Holocaust wasn't about race, and it was instead about man's immunity to man.
But it was indeed about race, because Hitler and the Nazis considered Jews to be an inferior race.
Now, words matter. And mine are no exception. I regret my comments, as I said. And I stand corrected. I also stand with the Jewish people, as they know and you all know, because I have always done that.

こういう堅い表現を使うということは、正式に謝っているのだというのが伝わるのでしょう。

(ジーニアス)
I stand corrected.
⦅正式⦆私が間違っていました, 自分の誤りを認めます
I stand corrected on that point.
その点については私が間違っていました.

PBSニューズアワーも不用意な発言として扱っていますが、以下のような記事で少し深掘りすると彼女は彼女なりの考えがあって述べていたことが分かります。何も歴史的な事件を軽視しているわけではないのです。

彼女の考えだと見た目ですぐに判断できることが「人種」という意味で、KKKの例をあげてKKKが来たら黒人は逃げないといけないけど、ユダヤ人は見た目ではバレないからやり過ごせると語っています。だからホロコーストは「人種」の問題ではないと。。。

“If the Klan is coming down the street and I’m standing with a Jewish friend…I’m gonna run. But if my friend decides not to run, they’ll get passed by most times, because you can’t tell who’s Jewish,” she said. “It’s not something that people say, ‘Oh that person is Jewish.'”
I stand corrected.

確かに、この映画ではユダヤ系の刑事はKKKに潜入することができましたね。



「人種」の考えは自明のものではなく、解釈などに余地が生まれることを述べているのが次のコラムでした。

The “racial” distinctions between master and slave may be more familiar to Americans, but they were and are no more real than those between Gentile and Jew.
By Adam SerwerFebruary 4, 2022

Whoopi Goldberg, the actor and a co-host of The View, stumbled into a public-relations nightmare for ABC on Monday when she insisted that “the Holocaust wasn’t about race.” After an episode of The Late Show With Stephen Colbert aired in which she opined that “the Nazis were white people, and most of the people they were attacking were white people,” she was temporarily suspended from The View. She has apologized for her remarks.

*********

In the United States, physical distinctions between most Black and most white people have misled some into thinking that the American conception of race is somehow more “real” than the racial fictions on which the Nazis based their campaign of extermination. Applying the American color line to Europe, the Holocaust appears merely to be a form of sectarian violence, “white people” attacking “white people,” which seems nonsensical. But those persecuting Jews in Europe saw Jews as beastly subhumans, an “alien race” whom they were justified in destroying in order to defend German “racial purity.” The “racial” distinctions between master and slave may be more familiar to Americans, but they were and are no more real than those between Gentile and Jew.

植民地主義の話がトークショーでも出たそうですが、白人至上主義と植民地主義こそが本丸の非難の対象としてゴールドバーグの立場を擁護しているのが次のコラム。ナチスドイツではジプシーとして知られるロマ族や黒人の犠牲者がいることは忘れられがちと述べています。

Karen Attiah

The images conjured by the Holocaust are understandably mostly of lighter-skinned, European-looking victims, which beside the Jews included Polish Catholics and other Slavic populations. Other victimized racial groups are rarely talked about. The Nazis also eliminated up to half a million Roma — a third of Europe’s Roma population — a nomadic group that to this day faces discrimination. Also much less talked about are how Afro-Germans and others of African descent living in Germany were persecuted, including by forced sterilizations and internment in concentration camps. In fact, Hitler blamed Jews for “bringing Negroes into the Rhineland, with the ultimate idea of bastardizing the white race.” Not only have these groups been left out from many Holocaust narratives, but Blacks in particular have largely been absent from public memorials to victims of the Holocaust.

In the words of W.E.B. Du Bois: “There was no Nazi atrocity ... which the Christian civilization or Europe had not been practicing against colored folk in all parts of the world in the name of and for the defense of a Superior Race born to rule the world.”

さらに言えば、ドイツは東欧の前にアフリカでホロコーストを最初に実施していたとも語っています。

Even before the Nazis came to power, Germany carried out a systemic genocide in its colony of South West Africa — a crime against humanity that it has only recently (and reluctantly) come to admit. The Nazi tactics of detention camps, forced labor and sterilizations, and killings echoed colonial Germany’s attempt to eliminate the Herero and the Nama people in what is now Namibia in the early 20th century.

このコラムでリンクを貼っていたのが次の記事でナチス時代に犠牲になった黒人を紹介してくれています。

We must remember the victims and the survivors of African descent who were persecuted by Nazis because their skin was darker.
By  Chika Oduah, Contributor  02/16/2016 04:38pm EST | Updated December 6, 2017

この辺りは少しずつですが語られ始めているようで、数年前に次のような映画がありました。



2019年8月7日 デイミアン・ゼイン、BBCニュース

Du Boisのところの引用が少し分かりにくかったのですが、以下を読むと分かりました。

Eve Darian­Smith

Du Bois viewed German anti-Semitism and American racism against blacks as emerging out of the same historical phenomenon.28 Specifically, he located these racist practices in a historical continuum, and interpreted the German atrocities of the Second World War as an outcome of an earlier phase of European colonialism that witnessed the degradation and oppression of native peoples and gave rise to the modern theory of race. According to Du Bois, ‘There was no Nazi atrocity – concentration camps, wholesale maiming and murder, defilement of women or ghastly blasphemy of childhood – which the Christian civilization of Europe had not long been practicing against colored folk in all parts of the world in the name of and for the defense of a Superior Race born to rule the world.’29 For him, the pain and suffering imposed on others at the margins of empire set up the psychological and cultural conditions in which violence and suffering could re-emerge in the centres of Western power in Europe and the United States. As Du Bois remarked in a 1944 essay titled ‘Prospect of a world without race conflict’: ‘The supertragedy of this war is the treatment of the Jews in Germany. There has been nothing comparable to this in modern history. Yet its techniques and its reasoning have been based upon a race philosophy similar to that which has dominated both Great Britain and the United States in relation to colored people.’30

コラムではそもそもナチスはアメリカの黒人差別の体制を参考にしていたことも触れていました。ホロコーストだけでなく、白人至上主義と植民地主義こそが問題なのだと声高に主張するとトランプ支持者が過剰反応しそうでもあります。誰が言ったのかわからないのですが「ナチスが非難されるのは他のヨーロッパの国が他の大陸でしてきたことをヨーロッパで実施したからだ」といった内容に近い感じがします。植民地主義時代や奴隷制時代の「功績」を銅像を倒す運動がマスメディアに載るようになってきている中、語られ方も変わっていくのかもしれません。


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