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日本がMost Improved Countryに


1 Somalia
2 Congo (D. R.)
3 Sudan
4 South Sudan
5 Chad
6 Yemen
7 Afghanistan
8 Haiti
9 Central African Republic
10 Zimbabwe
11 Iraq
12 Cote d'Ivoire
13 Pakistan
14 Guinea
15 Guinea Bissau

今年も国家としての機能を果たしていない国家をランキングするFailed States Indexが発表されました。We are pleased to present …という発表する表現はTOEIC学習をしている方にはおなじみですね。

The Failed States Index 2013

We are pleased to present the ninth annual Failed States Index. The FSI focuses on the indicators of risk and is based on thousands of articles and reports that are processed by our CAST Software from electronically available sources.

We encourage others to utilize the Failed States Index to develop ideas for promoting greater stability worldwide. We hope the Index will spur conversations, encourage debate, and most of all help guide strategies for sustainable security.

以下の記事ではランク上位の国以外にも、昨年と比べてMost WorsenedとMost Improvedの国を10つずつ挙げてくれています。

Failed States Index 2013:
What Were You Expecting?
Published June 24, 2013
By J. J. Messner
Failed States Index 2013

In compiling the 2013 Failed States Index (FSI), there was some optimism at The Fund for Peace that we would finally see Somalia climb out of first place on the Index after having been firmly anchored in top position for five straight years, especially given the encouraging signs that have been emanating from the country in recent times. It was not to be. Somalia has, for the sixth time in succession, taken top spot in the FSI.

The case of Somalia demonstrates an important facet of recovery from conflict and development. The Fund for Peace’s Nate Haken has noted the political metaphor implicit in the nursery rhyme, Humpty Dumpty, as illustrative of the long- and short-term performance of countries on the FSI: Humpty Dumpty – a fragile egg-based character – had a great fall, leading to a rapid loss of structural integrity – or, in technical parlance, a splattering. Subsequently, despite the best efforts of all the King’s horses and all the King’s men, they were unable to put Humpty back together again.

The Humpty Dumpty principle thus follows that when countries fall significantly, they can do so rapidly and catastrophically and it takes significant resources to reconstruct them. Though it is true that countries can also experience slow declines (as we’ve seen with multiple European countries), there is really only one speed of recovery – slow. Further, such recovery takes significant effort from all manner of actors


Failed States Index 2013: The Troubled Ten
Published June 24, 2013

By J. J. Messner & Kendall Lawrence

このリストでthe most-improved nationに選ばれたのが日本だったわけです。東日本大震災の影響があり2012年のランキングを大きく落としたのですが、ある程度復旧し、安倍政権による成長戦略も評価されたようです。

On the topic of recovery, the most-improved nation for the 2013 FSI is Japan. After the pummeling it received in 2012 from the effects of the previous year’s earthquake and nuclear meltdown, Japan has rebounded significantly in 2013, though it still has some way to go to return to its pre-earthquake standing. Though it is true that recovery is slow, Japan demonstrates that it is possible for highly resilient countries with legitimate, representative, and professional institutions to recover fairly rapidly from serious shocks. The next most improved country, Iceland, has similarly demonstrated a high level of resiliency, recovering from the economic shocks of previous years.


Most Improved Country for 2013: Japan
Published June 24, 2013
By Sebastian PavlouFailed States Index 2013

Japan continues to recover with relative speed from the triple crisis of earthquake, tsunami and nuclear plant meltdown that devastated the country on March 11, 2011.

After the 9.0 magnitude earthquake and subsequent tsunami tore through the country's north-eastern coastal communities of Miyagi, Iwatu and Fukushima, at least 20,851 people died or remain missing. This figure includes the confirmed number of dead, 15,881, those who are missing, 2,668, and 2,303 others who died from disaster-related issues.

Miyagi, Iwatu and Fukushimaと岩手がIwatuになっています。固有名詞は外国の人にとって難しいですね。安倍政権の三本の矢の成長戦略はthe new, bold three-pronged economic approach of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s administrationと表現されています。

After two years and a $260 million long-term budget funds, almost all of the 27.6 million tons of debris left behind after the crisis has been transported to areas for waste disposal (approx. 75%) or to permanent locations (approx. 20%). Various criticisms have been made concerning how reconstruction funds have been spent as only 10% of permanent housing for the region has been completed. Still, as Patrick Fuller of the Red Cross pointed out, Japan's progress over one year compares to that achieved over three years in places like Indonesia and Sri Lanka after the 2004 tsunami.

Despite this crisis, the Japanese economy is recovering. It has in fact seen growth in this year’s first quarter while Japanese stocks are soaring and the yen has fallen, making the country’s exports highly competitive. Many attribute this to the new, bold three-pronged economic approach of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s administration. The centre-right Prime Minister of Japan, elected in December of 2012, has emphasized monetary and fiscal stimulus with, so far, successful results.


154 Czech Republic
155 Uruguay
156 Japan
157 South Korea
158 Singapore
159 United States
160 United Kingdom
= 161 France
= 161 Portugal
163 Slovenia
164 Belgium
165 Germany
= 166 Austria
= 166 Netherlands
168 Canada
169 Australia
170 Ireland
171 Iceland
172 Luxembourg
173 New Zealand
174 Denmark
= 175 Switzerland
= 175 Norway
177 Sweden
178 Finland


The Indicators

The Failed States Index is based on the twelve primary social, economic and political indicators of the CAST methodology, developed by The Fund for Peace:

Demographic Pressures
Refugees and IDPs
Group Grievance
Human Flight
Uneven Development
Poverty and Economic Decline
Legitimacy of the State
Public Services
Human Rights
Security Apparatus
Factionalized Elites
External Intervention

Foreign Policy [US] July - August 2013 (単号)Foreign Policy [US] July - August 2013 (単号)


最新号のForeign Policyはこのインデックスを特集しています。国連英検の面接を控えている方はネタを仕入れる感じで購入してもいいかもしれませんね。