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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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ギャランドゥと公民権運動

 
Economist最新号のカバーは、北米とラテンアメリカだけがキング牧師の表紙だったようです。それ以外の地域ではアピールしないと編集部は判断したのでしょうか。



この曲を聞くと自分にはどうしても西城秀樹が浮かんでしまうのですが、公民権運動で影響力のあった歌だったようです。

(Wikipedia)
"Keep Your Eyes on the Prize" is a folk song that became influential during the American civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s.
Although the song was composed as a hymn well before World War I, the lyrics to this version were written by civil rights activist Alice Wine in 1956. It is based on the traditional song, "Gospel Plow", also known as "Hold On", "Keep Your Hand on the Plow", and various permutations thereof. The title is a reference to the Bible verse in Phillipians 3:17 "keep your eyes on those who live as we do" and verse 14, "I press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus." [1]
Recordings include those by Duke Ellington featuring Mahalia Jackson, Odetta, Bob Dylan, Pete Seeger, Bruce Springsteen, Tim O'Brien, and Mavis Staples.
The noted 1987 PBS documentary series about the civil rights movement, Eyes on the Prize, was named for the song.


ブルーススプリングティーンも歌っているようです。この曲の歌詞や背景はこのブログがとても丁寧に説明してくださっています。



ウィキペディアでThe noted 1987 PBS documentary series about the civil rights movement, Eyes on the Prize, was named for the song.と説明があったように、この曲をタイトルに使ったPBSのドキュメンタリーのエピソードがあるそうです。March on Washingtonを取り上げたのが以下です。最後の方で取り上げているのですが、40分のケネディ大統領あたりから見ると当時の緊迫した雰囲気も伝わってきます。



ありがたいことにスクリプトを公開してくれています。下記をリンクしてみてください。

No Easy Walk (1961-1963)
Transcript | Credits

The civil rights movement discovers the power of mass demonstrations as the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. emerges as its most visible leader. Some demonstrations succeed; others fail. But the triumphant March on Washington, D.C., under King's leadership, shows a mounting national support for civil rights. President John F. Kennedy proposes the Civil Rights Act.

まあ、March on Washingtonだけを確認したい場合には下記のリンクの方がいいかもしれません。

March on Washington
Soon after the events in Birmingham, civil rights leaders announce plans for a mass march in Washington, D.C. to demonstrate for jobs and freedom. Attorney general Robert Kennedy, fearing more violence, is opposed to the plan. But long-time labor and civil rights leader A. Philip Randolph, who first proposed such a march during Franklin Roosevelt's administration in 1941, and Bayard Rustin, organizer of the march's complex logistics, press ahead.

On August 28, more than 200,000 people gather in peace and unity on the National Mall. Behind the scenes, SNCC leader John Lewis' speech causes conflict for its harsh words against the Kennedy administration and the nation's slowness to correct injustices. Persuaded by the 75-year-old Randolph to tone down the rhetoric, Lewis delivers an amended speech and few know of the controversy. The speech that will go down in the history books, however, is the one delivered by Martin Luther King as he stands before the Lincoln Memorial. "I have a dream," he declares, "that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character..."

Though the March on Washington is a triumph, it comes with a tragic coda. Less than three weeks later, in Birmingham, the Ku Klux Klan bombs the 16th Street Baptist Church on a Sunday morning. Fifteen people are injured and four young girls are killed, filling many in the movement with rage. It will be 14 years before the first of three men, Robert Chambliss, is brought to justice in 1977; his companions Thomas Blanton, Jr. and Bobby Lee Cherry will not be convicted until 2001 and 2002, respectively.

このPBSのドキュメンタリーシリーズのリンクはこちら。
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2013.08.26 | [] | Edit

    
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Yuta

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