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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs

 
TimeのManaging Directorを務めたRichard Stengelが就こうとしている国務省のPublic Diplomacy and Public Affairsとはどんなことをしているのでしょうか。気になったので少し調べてみました。White Houseでの発表資料を見てみようと思って最初に出てきたのは以下の文でした。Shutdownを実感できます。。。

Due to Congress’s failure to pass legislation to fund the government, the information on this web site may not be up to date. Some submissions may not be processed, and we may not be able to respond to your inquiries.
Information about government operating status and resumption of normal operations is available at USA.GOV.

ShutdownについてはNewYorkerのCartoonもなかなかだったのでついでにどうぞ。

以下が国務省の説明です。外交を取り仕切るという感じではないので、結構地味な役割のようです。

Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affair
The mission of American public diplomacy is to support the achievement of U.S. foreign policy goals and objectives, advance national interests, and enhance national security by informing and influencing foreign publics and by expanding and strengthening the relationship between the people and Government of the United States and citizens of the rest of the world.

The Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs leads America's public diplomacy outreach, which includes communications with international audiences, cultural programming, academic grants, educational exchanges, international visitor programs, and U.S. Government efforts to confront ideological support for terrorism. The Under Secretary oversees the bureaus of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Public Affairs, and International Information Programs, well as the Center for Strategic Counterterrorism Communications, and participates in foreign policy development.



Richard Stengel を任命するWhiteHouseの9月の発表資料を見てみます。彼の経歴を見ると2000年にはビルブラッドリーの選挙アドバイザーやスピーチライターも務めたりしていて政治とは無縁ではなかったようですね。

Richard Stengel, Nominee for Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs, Department of State
Richard Stengel is the Managing Editor of Time Magazine, a position he has held since 2006. From 2004 to 2006, Mr. Stengel was the President and Chief Executive Officer of the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia. In 2000, Mr. Stengel served as a Senior Adviser and Chief Speechwriter for Bill Bradley’s Presidential campaign. In 1999, Mr. Stengel was the Ferris Professor of Journalism at Princeton. From 1992 to 1994, Mr. Stengel worked with Nelson Mandela on his autobiography Long Walk to Freedom. Mr. Stengel has written for many publications and is the author of several books. He began his career at TIME in 1981 as a writer and correspondent. He received a B.A. from Princeton University and was a Rhodes Scholar at Christ Church at the University of Oxford.

なぜ彼が国務省入りを決意したのかについては、Politicoの記事ではTIMEの経営がジリ貧になっていて、新たな方向性を模索したからではないかと見ています。

Richard Stengel leaving Time for State Department
By JOE POMPEO and DYLAN BYERS | 9/12/13 4:20 PM EDT

Stengel’s looming exit is the latest sign of disruption at a venerable publisher that has been grappling with leadership changes and financial hardships.

Parent company Time Inc. looks a lot different today from the time Stengel was named managing editor of its flagship title following a long career as a writer and editor there. And perhaps that’s why some people familiar with the magazine were not surprised to hear that he plans to move on.

“I think he’s looking for something fresh to do, and the magazine’s looking for some fresh leadership because it’s such a different place now than when he came in,” a former Time editor told Capital.

このポストの前任者Tara D. Sonenshineさんも米国のABC放送のジャーナリストだったようです。



November 04, 2011
President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts
Tara D. Sonenshine, Nominee for Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs, Department of State

Tara D. Sonenshine is the Executive Vice President of the United States Institute of Peace (USIP). Prior to joining USIP, she was a strategic communications adviser to many international organizations including USIP, the International Crisis Group, Internews, CARE, The American Academy of Diplomacy, and the International Women’s Media Foundation. Ms. Sonenshine served in various capacities at the White House during the Clinton Administration, including Transition Director, Director of Foreign Policy Planning for the National Security Council, and Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications. Prior to serving in the Clinton Administration, Ms. Sonenshine was an Editorial Producer of ABC News’ Nightline, where she worked for more than a decade. She was also an off-air reporter at the Pentagon for ABC’s World News Tonight and is the recipient of 10 News Emmy Awards for coverage of international affairs. She holds a B.A. in Political Science from Tufts University.

彼女は辞めた直後に以下のような寄稿をしていました。秋からはジョージワシントン大学で教える側に回るようですね。

From One Glass Ceiling to the Next
JUL 17, 2013 4:45 AM - BY TARA D. SONENSHINE
After a productive tenure at the State Department, Tara Sonenshine asks: when can successful women finally rest on their laurels without feeling guilty?

Molly Marine gives me courage—the courage to admit that I have had my turn as a woman diplomat and I can pause a moment and take great comfort in that. And in knowing that many talented women are on the rise within the foreign service, civil service, and the throughout the political process. I can use up a few moments to reflect on those trips I made this past year—to China, Pakistan, India, Ethiopia, and the Middle East—where I discovered other women leaders, Americans and non-Americans, shattering glass ceilings and defying tradition by taking on powerful roles in society. And that I was one of them.

It’s OK, now and then, for women to sit back and enjoy the ride they’ve taken—not for too long, but just long enough to savor the moment and acknowledge their role as trailblazers. And then—get back to work!

Tara D. Sonenshine served as undersecretary of State for public diplomacy and public affairs from April 2012 to July 2013. She is enjoying a summer off before starting at George Washington University in the fall.

わずか14ヶ月だったようですが、退任メッセージを下記リンクで読む事ができます。

A Farewell Note from Under Secretary Sonenshine
Newsletter
Tara Sonenshine
Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs
Washington, DC
July 1, 2013

5月には退任がしらされていたようですね。1999年に創設されてから3割の期間は空白のポストが続き、その10数年の間には7人が入れ替わっているようです。そんな状況を批判しているブログがありました。

The State Department’s Revolving Door of Public Diplomacy
Helle Dale
May 8, 2013 at 2:30 pm

Though of major importance for U.S. global leadership, U.S. public diplomacy has been adrift for over a decade. The turnover in the under secretary post is both a symptom and a cause. It is a symptom of the diminished power and resources invested in public diplomacy since the U.S. Information Agency was folded into State in 1999 and a cause because rapid leadership turnover undermines strategic planning and operational effectiveness.

By comparison, the National Endowment for Democracy, which does related work with foreign publics, and operates on a grant from the U.S. government but is not a part of it, has been under one director, Carl Gershman, since its founding in 1984.
Since 1999, when the office of under secretary was created, it has been vacant 30 percent of the time and held by seven people. According to a 2011 report by the U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy, the average tenure of the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy since 1999 has been 500 days. That is about half the tenure (in the same time frame) of the position of Under Secretary for Political Affairs and less than a third of that of the Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs.

As noted by Nicholas Cull of the University of Southern California, speaking in Washington yesterday about his new book, The Decline and Fall of the United States Information Agency, the essence of public diplomacy is building international relationships over time. Within the State Department, the turnover in the public diplomacy top spot and the increasingly shorter rotations of U.S. diplomats undermine a crucial element of foreign policy.

Tara D. Sonenshineさんはクリントンさんと仲がよさそうな感じですから2016年に向けてヒラリー陣営作りに関わったりするのでしょうか。。。
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