fc2ブログ

Uncharted Territory

自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

RSS     Archives
 

(続)Abeについて

 

This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War (Vintage Civil War Library)This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War (Vintage Civil War Library)
(2009/01/06)
Drew Gilpin Faust

商品詳細を見る


さきほど紹介した動画のハーバード大学の学長であるファウストさんの著書は前のブログで何度か紹介させていただきました。この著書からインスピレーションを受けたドキュメンタリーが昨年作成されていたようです。





Death and the Civil War
With the coming of the Civil War, and the staggering casualties it ushered in, death entered the experience of the American people as it never had before -- permanently altering the character of the republic and the psyche of the American people. Contending with death on an unprecedented scale posed challenges for which there were no ready answers when the war began. Americans worked to improvise new solutions, new institutions, and new ways of coping with death on an unimaginable scale.


米国議会図書館で南北戦争の展示会を開いていることもあり、ドキュメンタリー制作者のバーンズさんとファウストさんが対談している動画がありました。南北戦争の犠牲者数はファウストさんが本を出したときには62万人だったのが、このドキュメンタリーでは75万人になっています。研究が進んだのでしょうか。

The Civil War in America

Exhibition Home
November 12, 2012–January 11, 2014
The Civil War in America assembles more than 200 unique items, many of which have never been seen by the public, to commemorate the sesquicentennial of this nation’s greatest military and political upheaval. Drawing from hundreds of thousands of items from across many collections of the Library of Congress, the materials included in this exhibition attest to the valor, sacrifices, emotions, and accomplishments of those in both the North and South whose lives were affected by the bitter conflict of 1861–1865.




トランスクリプト
The unimaginable scale of the slaughter, the sheer numbers of the dead, would be all but impossible to comprehend. Nearly two and a half percent of the population would die in the conflict. An estimated 750,000 people in all, more than in all other American wars combined. Never before and never since have so many Americans died in any war by any measure or reckoning.

>> Transpose the percentage of dead that mid-19th century America faced into our own time. Seven million dead if we had the same percentage. What would we as a nation today be like if we faced the loss of seven million individuals? And so it invaded just about everyone's life in one way or another.

>> The enormous tide of death unleashed by the war posed challenges for which there were no ready answers when the war began. Challenges so large they frequently overwhelmed the abilities of individuals and institutions to respond to them. Challenges that go forth, slowly at first by fits and starts, immense and eventually heroic efforts by individuals, groups and the government as Americans worked to improvise new solutions, new institutions, new ways of coping with death on an unimaginable scale.

Before the Civil War there were no national cemeteries in America. No provisions for identifying the dead or for notifying next of kin or for providing aid to the suffering families of dead veterans. No Federal relief organizations. No effective ambulance corp. No adequate Federal hospitals. No Federal provisions for burying the dead. No Arlington Cemetery. No Memorial Day.

>> The United States embarked on a new relationship with death in a whole series of ways. As a nation it embarked on a new relationship with death because its survival would be assured and defined by the deaths of so many hundreds, thousands of people. So it would become inseparable from death in that sense. In a second way the United States would develop a new relationship with death in a national sense because of the pension system, the re-burial system, the bureaucracy of death that would transform the nature of the Federal government. So it would become a different nation, a stronger, more centralized nation with more responsibilities partly because of taking on these obligations that would grow out of Civil War death. But then there are all the changes for individuals who are living in a world of mourning and loss in the North and in the South where ultimately 20 percent of white men of military age were going to die and where everyone had lost a loved one. And so lives were shattered in undefined ways often because so many of the dead were unknown. And ideas about what death was would be changed by the intensity and wide-spread nature of this experience.

個人的には国家による追悼を積極的に推進すべきという立場にはありませんが、国立墓地もない、救援組織もない、退役者への年金もないなど、南北戦争当時のような、ないない尽くしでいいとも思えないです。
スポンサーサイト



Comment


    
プロフィール

Yuta

Author:Yuta
FC2ブログへようこそ!




最新トラックバック



FC2カウンター

検索フォーム



ブロとも申請フォーム

QRコード
QR