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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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(続)20周年に何を見出すか

 
政治家は功績を誇示するのが常とすれば研究者は問題点を指摘するのが仕事と言えるでしょうか。以前も紹介したLinda Melvernさんは国際社会はルワンダから何も学んでいないと辛口です。上記はルワンダで事件前に国連に危機的状況を訴えていたロメオダレール上院議員が中央アフリカ共和国への支援を訴えている動画です。

Twenty years after the genocide, we have learnt nothing from Rwanda
The situation in the Central African Republic is dangerously similar to that of Rwanda in 1994. This time, the west must heed the warnings
Linda Melvern
The Guardian, Friday 4 April 2014 20.00 BST

When Lieutenant General Roméo Dallaire, the former UN force commander in Rwanda and now a Canadian senator, calls once again for urgent action to protect civilians at risk in an impoverished African country, one would expect the whole world to listen, particularly on the eve of the 20th anniversary of the Rwandan genocide. You just could not divorce, he said, what is happening in the Central African Republic with what happened in Rwanda in 1994. "We've actually established a damn pecking order and the sub-Saharan black African – yes we're interested but it just doesn't count enough to spill our blood, to get embroiled in something complex that will need longer-term stability and influence," says Dallaire.

The similarities do seem impossible to ignore.

Melvernさんの非難は国際社会に向けられ、当時の状況を検証しようともしないし、不作為を反省もしていないと手厳しく批判しています。

The 20th commemoration of the genocide sees fine words spoken by all and it seems timely to reflect on why Rwanda was so quickly abandoned to its fate in 1994. There has never been a satisfactory explanation for the indifference over Rwanda. Western governments – the US, UK, Belgium, France – continue to withhold a wealth of information about events. Neither the US nor the UK, two permanent members of the UN security council, has ever answered accusations of a failure to abide by obligations under the 1948 genocide convention, nor revealed the information on which their decisions were based. The failure to critically examine the role of ministers and officials has further encouraged the sort of secretive and unaccountable decision-making that will no doubt shroud the decision-makers today and those who sit and read the cables.

With no official inquiry by either the US or the UK, blame for inaction over the genocide has simply slipped away from the officials and politicians responsible. This might be a suitable time to find out why the UK government was so determined in the security council that Dallaire's UN peacekeepers be withdrawn from Rwanda, leaving behind a "token force" in order to "appease public opinion" – not to protect civilians but to try to negotiate a ceasefire in the civil war.



Shake Hands with the Devil: The Failure of Humanity in RwandaShake Hands with the Devil: The Failure of Humanity in Rwanda
(2004/12/21)
Romeo Dallaire

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図書館にあったので当時の司令官ロメオダレールさんのShake Hands with the Devilを読み始めました。帰国後はPTSDに苦しんだそうですが、どうやら彼だけでなく当時参加したカナダ兵士も同じ苦しみを味わっているそうです。

Rwanda genocide: Canadian soldiers struggle with psychological legacy
20 years after massacre, Canadians who tried to protect Rwandans struggle with horrific memories
By Sylvia Thomson, CBC News

It's been 20 years since the Rwandan genocide, but for the Canadian soldiers who were there as part of a doomed UN peacekeeping mission, the sights, sounds and smells have not faded from memory.
“There was an overpowering stench of death,” said Major Brent Beardsley, who served alongside General Romeo Dallaire (both are now retired).

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