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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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緑と青の革命

 
FTやWSJ、NYTなどのOpEdは大物が投稿します。今週は国連事務総長を務めたコフィ・アナン氏が投稿していました。

OPINION
How Africa Can Capitalize on Its Progress
West Africa loses about $1.3 billion to illegal fishing. New steps are needed to stop the theft.
By KOFI ANNAN
May 7, 2014 7:08 p.m. ET

まあ、彼が率いるAfrica Progress Panelという財団が翌日に発表する年次レポートAfrica Progress Reportの2014年版"Grain, Fish, Money - Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions"のプロモーションのようです。



レポートはこちらで読むことができます。

WSJは以下のように始まります。

Africa is a continent of great wealth. It is not poor. Natural resources abound. If those resources—minerals, fisheries, forestry and agriculture—are managed properly, traded fairly and resources invested wisely in the welfare of the people, Africa could reduce its dependence on aid, feeding itself and even becoming an engine of growth for the rest of the world.

The continent has already witnessed plenty of growth in the past decade. Average incomes have risen by one-third. Exports are booming and foreign investment is rising.

Yet despite those encouraging signs, there are more Africans living in poverty now—around 415 million—than at the end of the 1990s. But as the Africa Progress Panel, which I am proud to lead, demonstrates in a new report, "Africa Progress Report 2014, Grain, Fish, Money: Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions," Africa's political leaders have an extraordinary opportunity to make a breakthrough in human development. A pattern of growth and investment that benefits everyone is the answer. Africa offers excellent long-term investment potential.

この論稿では成長が見込めるアフリカ大陸だが、依然として問題も抱えていることを指摘しています。Grain, Fish, Money: Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutionsというレポートのタイトルの通り、Grain(農業)、Fish(漁業)、 Money(金融)の3点を取り上げています。まずは農業からです。アフリカの事情に合わせたgreen revolutionを訴えています。

Our progress report calls for a "uniquely African green revolution" that adapts the lessons provided by Asia to African conditions. Increased investment in infrastructure and research could dramatically raise the region's yields and the incomes of farmers. There is no clearer illustration of the opportunities now being wasted than the food worth $35 billion that Africa must import annually because local agriculture is dogged by low productivity, chronic underinvestment and regional protectionism.


ちょうど最新号のEconomistの社説とBriefingでさらなるアジアのGreen Revolutionを取り上げていました。こちらも確認したいと思います。

How better rice could save lives
A second green revolution
Technological breakthroughs in rice will boost harvests and cut poverty. They deserve support
May 10th 2014 | From the print edition

レポートタイトルFinancing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutionsを最初見たときBlue Revolutionが何かすぐに分からなかったです。。。漁業での改革を指しているのですね。

Nowhere is this more evident than in fisheries. Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing has reached epidemic proportions in Africa's coastal waters. West Africa is conservatively estimated to lose $1.3 billion annually. This plunder also costs the region critical jobs and undermines food and nutrition security. Another $17 billion is lost through illicit logging.

5年前の記事ですが、Blue Revolutionを取り上げているBBCの記事です。

Last Updated: Friday, 12 January 2007, 11:42 GMT
A blue revolution to beat poverty
VIEWPOINT
Stephen Hall
Overfishing and poor management have left the world's seas in a sorry state, says Stephen Hall in this week's Green Room. But, he argues, fishing still holds the key to helping millions of people secure a better future.

最後のFinanceですが、具体的には税制と政府支出の問題と、海外送金の問題を取り上げています。

African governments have also been failing to use their countries' finances to drive growth that benefits everyone. They must develop more effective taxation systems—and spend public money more fairly. For example, 3% of regional GDP is currently allocated to energy subsidies that principally go to the middle class. That money should be diverted into social spending to give the poor a better chance of escaping poverty.

As well as losing money through natural-resource plunder and financial mismanagement, Africans are short-changed on money transfers from abroad. The continent loses an estimated $1.9 billion a year because money transfer operators are imposing excessive charges on remittances.

レポート自体も23ページと手頃な長さなのでこちらにも目を通してみたいと思います。

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Yuta

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