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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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シェイクスピアは世界的作家

 


何を今更という感じもしないではないですが、Ira Glassというラジオホストがシェイクスピアをけなすツイートをしたことに対して、シェイクスピアのすごさを改めて説明しようとしている記事がありました。インドでもシェイクスピアが広く受入れられているそうです。

SHAKESPEARE IS THE MOST UNIVERSAL WRITER EVER
Ira Glass doesn't know what he's talking about
By Stephen Marche on July 28, 2014

But of course everybody already knows that. Even Ira Glass knows it. What he may or may not know is how wildly popular Shakespeare was in India. Shakespeare's plays were converted into often hugely long musical tragicomedies, because there was no native tradition of straight tragedy on the subcontinent. The first translingual Indian theater — the Parsee companies that toured the Continent — performed Shakespeare, and those performances were the roots of Indian cinema. Shakespeare was, for most of the 19th century, by far the most popular playwright in Japan. On the small Caribbean island of Carriacou, the annual Carnival is interspersed with recitations of passages from Julius Caesar. Shakespeare is relatable all over the world. In Germany, he is considered a national poet, even though he never wrote a word in German. In Bulgaria, performances of Shakespeare were considered a political act, connecting the country to the West rather than the Turkish-controlled East. So he pretty much related everywhere he went. His first African performance was on a ship bound for India, which stopped to take on water in 1607, and included Hamlet and Richard II.

このブログ記事ではトップダウンではなく彼自身のちからで人気を勝ち得たと主張しています。シェイスクピアを批判する人たちは自分の価値観をさらけ出しているに過ぎないとあしらっています。

I should point out that the popularity of Shakespeare is not the result of some top-down intellectual force-feeding. He becomes popular all on his own. He was a huge hit among cowboys. In the 19th century, one Boston touring family made $60,000 in a single tour. The theater in Dawson City, Canada, got such a huge audience on its first night that the building sunk several inches in the mud. How's that for fking relatable?

People who hate Shakespeare always reveal more about themselves than they do about Shakespeare. Glass is far from alone. George Bernard Shaw thought he was politically indecent. Tolstoy found his morality dubious. In both cases, the writers were seeing their own values traduced through what he did: Shaw thought literature ought to be political. Tolstoy thought literature ought to be moral. Shakespeare was neither political nor moral. Therefore he could not be great for either of them.

英語学習的には、シェイクスピアのセリフはニュース記事などにも使われるぐらいですから、シェイクスピアを学ぶべきというのは間違いなさそうです。

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Yuta

Author:Yuta
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