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自分が読んで興味深く感じた英文記事を中心に取り上げる予定です

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they are dancing on the tunes of West

 
もし憲法9条がノーベル平和賞を受賞したら、この国の右寄りの人たちでアメリカの陰謀と言う人が幾人もでたことでしょう。同じことは、パキスタンでも言えそうです。その当たりを冷静に論じた記事がForeign Policyにありました。

Will Malala's Nobel Prize Backfire?
BY ELIAS GROLL OCTOBER 10, 2014 - 03:28 PM

For Satyarthi, the award brings recognition to decades of work on behalf of child laborers, but for Yousafzai, the prize arguably comes with risks. As my former colleague Josh Keating writes at Slate, the media's treatment of Yousafzai often obscures the West's complicated relationship with Pakistan, one marked in recent years by an aggressive campaign of U.S. drone strikes and huge amounts of U.S. aid. That coverage often strays toward a condescension that reduces the West's relationship with Pakistan to, in the words of technology researcher Zeynep Tufekci, to "finding a young woman we admire that we all want to take home as if to put on a shelf to adore."

That attitude -- summed up by Jon Stewart's quip that he wanted to adopt the young woman -- risks obscuring the more institutional, boring work to find peace in Pakistan.

Moreover, in some quarters of Pakistan, Yousafzai has become a symbol of Western interference in the country, and conspiracy theories abound that her story was in fact created by the CIA, which carries out ongoing drone strikes in the northwestern parts of the country. That's of course far-fetched, but the praise that she has received in the West has been equally matched in her home country. The Peace Prize will certainly elevate her stature -- and also increase animus against her in some parts of Pakistan.

今回のタイトルはマララさん親子が西洋的価値観を代弁していることを"they are dancing on the tunes of West."と表現している人からとりました。

That strain of thought remained alive and well on Friday. "I condemn this decision in the strongest possible words," Tariq Khattak, an editor at the Pakistan Observer, told the BBC. "It's a political decision, a motivated one, and a conspiracy to invoke [sic] people in the Muslim countries. And the father of Malala and Malala have done nothing at all. Her father is a good salesman, that's it. And the daughter has also become a salesgirl. And they are dancing on the tunes of West."

この記事の終わりには、マララさんの反対派は態度を硬化させるだけではないかと指摘しています。

If anything, those in Pakistan who are hostile toward Yousafzai may only harden in their opposition now that she has received the Peace Prize. That may set her work back more than it advances her cause.

この記事で触れられていたSlateの記事では、マララさん自身は西洋にとってのかわいらしいお人形さんみたいな立ち位置になることを危険視しながらも、マララさん自身の確固とした態度はそのようなことは起こらないだろうと擁護しています。

OCT. 10 2014 8:53 AM
Don’t Reduce Malala Yousafzai to a Cuddly Caricature of the “Bravest Girl in the World”
By Joshua Keating

There is something irritatingly smug and condescending about some of the coverage of “the bravest girl in the world.” It was a particular low point when, on The Daily Show, Jon Stewart said “I want to adopt you” to a young woman who’s spoken very publicly about the support she’s received from her father—a pretty brave guy in his own right.

But that’s our problem, not hers. My guess is that someone’s who’s comfortable telling the president of the United States to his face that his military policies are fueling terrorism isn’t going to let herself be reduced to a cuddly caricature. And in any case, it was probably wise for the Nobel committee to pair the very young global celebrity with a relatively unheralded activist with years of work behind him.

去年の受賞の際に話題になったエントリーが以下のようです。“What the world is desperately lacking, and the Nobel Committee, for once, rewarded, is the kind of boring, institutional work of peace that advances the lives of people. Everyday. Little by little.”という指摘は肝に銘じたいですよね。

MONTHLY ARCHIVES: OCTOBER 2013
Three Cheers to Nobel Peace Prize for not Pandering to Celebrity Culture


Yes, I am amazed by Malala. How can one not be? Her courageous young body, shattered by Taliban bullets, her strong, kind stance in that Jon Stewart interview everyone on my Facebook timeline shared.. It is hard not to be moved by her.

But she is but one courageous person. Fortunately for the world, there is no shortage of such brave, courageous individuals. In fact, there is an abundance of them, especially in poor, authoritarian countries. If you think Malala is rare, that is probably because you have not spent much time in such countries. Most Malala’s, however, go nameless, and are not made into Western celebrities. (That interview’s most telling moment was when Jon Stewart said “I want to adopt you” to her right after she repeatedly mentioned how great her own father was–such a striking sentiment in which our multi-decade involvement in Pakistan is reduced to finding a young woman we admire that we all want to take home as if to put on a shelf to adore).

What the world is desperately lacking, and the Nobel Committee, for once, rewarded, is the kind of boring, institutional work of peace that advances the lives of people. Everyday. Little by little. But without which lives are shattered and countries crumble (as they do now),

What the world needs more of is many, many more institutions like the “Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons” which are crucial to destroying weapons that destroy lives millions of Malalas. We need organizations and institutions that uphold ceasefires, that observe elections, that document human right abuses, that provide the infrastructure for education, for health, that destroy weapons (conventional and unconventional) and that can act as the institutional capacity of much that is good in international human rights law (which we also need to improve and hold up).

我々がスッキリするだけのfeel good charityになることだけは避けたいものです。やはり日々の積み重ねこそが大事なのですから、この方の指摘はごもっともだと思います。

(Urban Dictionary)
feel good charity
When you do something for charity more to make yourself feel good than to actually change anything.
Someone giving a homeless person a free meal for xmas, and then doing nothing the rest of the following months, is feel good charity. It benefits in the very short term, and mostly does nothing, or even make things worse in the long term.
by skayjay January 17, 2012


ちょっとパキンスタンの例でないですが、Foreign Policyの記事でナイジェリア出身の作家Teju Coleのインタビューを思い出しました。Bring Back Our Girlsという動きがアメリカで話題になりましたが、Boko Haramが悪で、政府が善という態度になってしまう危険性を指摘しています。

Epiphanies From Teju Cole
The Nigerian-American novelist discusses the pitfalls of hashtag activism, the destructiveness of U.S. foreign policy, and that time he dreamed about meeting Obama at a Brooklyn house party.
BY SEYWARD DARBY SEPTEMBER 4, 2014

"Bring Back Our Girls" became a thing that united Angelina Jolie, Barack Obama, a bunch of young Nigerian kids, a bunch of American kids, people in Britain, people in India, the Nigerian police, the Nigerian government, and everybody in the world.
They were all on one side, and Boko Haram was on the other side. A neat binary. But unfortunately, the world is actually not divided that way. The Nigerian Army is brutal and commits a lot of human rights violations, including mass killings. The Nigerian government is highly incompetent, better known for corruption than for actually serving its people. America has its own foreign policy agendas, which are both good and bad.

パキスタンの状況だって似たようなことが言えそうです。アメリカはパキンスタンでドローンをいくつも飛ばして攻撃をしておきながら、反米感情を持つこと批判するのは、あまりにも一方的すぎます。
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